Vibrators and orgasm

Vibrators can be recommended by sex therapists to women who have difficulty reaching orgasm through masturbation or intercourse.

Couples may also select to use a vibrator to enhance the pleasure of one or both partners. You can find a device that has function as a small vibrator specifically meant for couples to use during intercourse.

Adoption of vibrator

Research published in 2009 issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine demonstrates that about 53% of women in United States ages 18 to 60 have used a vibrator. 2010 study in the Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy found that 43.8% of heterosexual males in United States had used vibrators. 94% of these men had done so as part of foreplay with their couple and 82% had done so as part of sexual intercourse. Among non-heterosexual men, 49.8% have used vibrators.

History of vibrator

For centuries, doctors had been treating women for a wide variety of illnesses with performing what is now recognized as masturbation. The “pelvic massage” was especially common in treatment of female hysteria in Great Britain during Victorian Era because the point of such manipulation was to cause “hysterical paroxysm” (orgasm) in the patient. However, not only did they regard “vulvar stimulation” required as having nothing to do with sex, but reportedly found it time-consuming and hard work.

One of the first vibrators was called ‘Tremoussoir’ invented in France during 1734. The first steam powered vibrator was called “Manipulator” that was invented by American physician George Taylor in 1869. It was a rather awkward device, but was still heralded as some relief for doctors who found themselves suffering from fatigued wrists and hands. Around 1880, Dr. Joseph Mortimer Granville patented electromechanical vibrator. The historical fiction film Hysteria features a reworked history of vibrator focusing on Dr. Granville’s invention.

In 1902, American company Hamilton Beach patented the first electric vibrator available for consumer retail sale as opposed to medical usage, making vibrator the fifth domestic appliance to be electrified, after the sewing machine, fan, tea kettle as well as toaster, and about a decade before the vacuum cleaner and electric iron. The home versions soon became extremely popular with advertisements in periodicals such as Needlecraft, Woman’s Home Companion, Modern Priscilla and the Sears, Roebuck catalog. These disappeared in 1920s, apparently as their appearance in pornography made it no longer tenable for mainstream society to avoid sexual connotations of the devices.

The vibrator re-emerged due to sexual revolution of the 1960s. On June 30, 1966, Jon H. Tavel applied for a patent for “Cordless Electric Vibrator for Use on the Human Body”, ushering in modern personal vibrator. The patent application referenced an earlier patent dating back to 1938, for a flashlight with a shape which left little doubt as to a possible alternate use. The cordless vibrator was patented on March 28, 1968. It was soon followed by such improvements as multi-speed as well as one-piece construction that made it cheaper to manufacture and easier to clean.

In 1980s and 1990s vibrators became increasingly visible in mainstream public culture, especially after a landmark August 1998 episode of the HBO show Sex and the City, in which the character Charlotte becomes addicted to a rabbit vibrator. Appearing in regular segment on popular US television series The Oprah Winfrey Show in March 2009, Dr. Laura Berman recommended that mothers teach their 15- or 16-year-old daughters the concept of pleasure with getting them a clitoral vibrator. Today, CVS, Walgreens, Kroger, Safeway, Target as well as Walmart are among major national US chain retailers that include vibrators on store shelves.

As of 2013, rechargeable vibrators were beginning to be manufactured in order to reduce the environmental impact of battery-operated vibrators.

Legal and ethical issues of dildos

The possession as well as sale of dildos is illegal in some jurisdictions, including India. Until recently, many southern states and some Great Plains states in United States banned the sale of dildos completely, either directly or through laws regulating “obscene devices”. In 2007, a federal appeals court upheld Alabama’s law prohibiting sale of sex toys. The law, the Anti-Obscenity Enforcement Act of 1998, was also upheld by the Supreme Court of Alabama on 11th of September 2009.

In February 2008, a federal appeals court overturned a Texas statute banning sales of dildos as well as other sexual toys, deeming such a statute as violating the Constitution’s 14th Amendment on the right to privacy. The appeals court cited Lawrence v. Texas, where Supreme Court of United States in 2003 struck down bans on consensual sex between gay couples as unconstitutionally aiming at “enforcing a public moral code by restricting private intimate conduct.” Similar statutes have been struck down in Kansas as well as Colorado. Alabama is the only state where a law prohibiting sale of sex toys remains on the books.

Some Conservative Christians believe that use of sex toys is immoral. The Southern Baptist preacher Dan Ireland has been an outspoken critic of such devices and has fought to ban them on religious as well as ethical grounds. Ireland has stated “There are moral ways and immoral ways to use a firearm … There is no moral way to use one of these devices.” According to Ireland, “Sometimes you have to protect the public against themselves….These devices should be outlawed because they are conducive to promiscuity, because they promote loose morals and because they entice improper and potentially deadly behaviors.”

Dildos in 20th century

Dildos are obliquely referred to in Saul Bellow’s novel The Adventures of Augie March (1953): “….he had brought me along to a bachelor’s stag where two naked acrobatic girls did stunts with false tools”. A dildo called Steely Dan III from Yokohama appears in William S. Burroughs novel The Naked Lunch (1959). The rock band Steely Dan took their name from it.

Dildos in Early modern period

In early 1590s, an English playwright Thomas Nashe wrote a poem known as The Choice of Valentines, Nashe’s Dildo or The Merrie Ballad of Nashe his Dildo. It was not printed at the time, due to its obscenity. But, it was still widely circulated and made Nashe’s name notorious. The poem describes a visit to a brothel by a man called “Tomalin”. He is searching for his sweetheart, Francis, who has become a prostitute. The only way he can see her is by hiring her. However, she resorts to using a glass dildo as he finds himself unable to perform sexually to her satisfaction.

Dildos are humorously mentioned in Act IV, scene iv of Shakespeare’s The Winter’s Tale. This play as well as Ben Jonson’s play The Alchemist (1610) are typically cited as the first usage of the word in publication (Nashe’s Merrie Ballad was not published until 1899).

John Wilmot, 17th century English libertine, published his poem Signor Dildo in 1673. During Parliamentary session of that year, objections were raised to proposed marriage of James, Duke of York, brother of the King and heir to the throne, to Mary of Modena, an Italian Catholic princess. An address was presented to King Charles on 3rd of November, foreseeing the dangerous consequences of marriage to a Catholic, and urging him to put a stop to any planned wedding ‘…to the unspeakable Joy and Comfort of all Your loyal Subjects.” Wilmot’s response was Signior Dildo (You ladies all of merry England), a mock address anticipating the ‘solid’ advantages of a Catholic marriage, namely wholesale importation of Italian dildos, to the unspeakable joy as well as comfort of all the ladies of England:

You ladies all of merry England
Who have been to kiss the Duchess’s hand,
Pray, did you not lately observe in the show
A noble Italian called Signor Dildo? …
A rabble of pricks who were welcomed before,
Now finding the porter denied them the door,
Maliciously waited his coming below
And inhumanly fell on Signor Dildo …
This ballad was subsequently added to by other authors and it became so popular that Signor became a term for a dildo. In epilogue to The Mistaken Husband (1674), by John Dryden, an actress complains:

To act with young boys is loving without men.
What will not poor forsaken women try?
When man’s not near, the Signior must supply.
Signor Dildo was more recently set to music by Michael Nyman for Wilmot biopic, The Libertine.

Many other works of bawdy as well as satirical English literature of the period deal with the subject. Dildoides: A Burlesque Poem (London, 1706), attributed to Samuel Butler, is a mock lament to a collection of dildos which had been seized and publicly burnt by the authorities. Examples of anonymous works include The Bauble, a tale (London, 1721) and Monsieur Thing’s Origin: or Seignor D—o’s Adventures in London, (London, 1722). In 1746, Henry Fielding wrote The Female Husband: or the surprising history of Mrs Mary, alias Mr. George Hamilton, in which a woman posing as a man uses a dildo. It was a fictionalized account of the story of Mary Hamilton.

Dildos in Ancient Greece

Dildos can be seen in some examples of ancient Greek vase art. Several pieces show their use in group sex or in solitary female masturbation. One vessel, of about the 6th century BC, depicts a scene in which a woman bends over to perform oral sex on a man and another man is about to thrust a dildo into her anus.

Dildos are mentioned several times in Aristophanes’ comedy of 411 BC, Lysistrata.

And so, girls, when fucking time comes… not the faintest whiff of it anywhere, right? From the time those Milesians betrayed us, we can’t even find our eight-fingered leather dildos. At least they’d serve as a sort of flesh-replacement for our poor cunts… So, then! Would you like me to find some mechanism by which we could end this war?
Herodas’ short comic play, Mime VI, written in the 3rd Century BC, is about a woman called Metro, anxious to discover from a friend where she recently got a dildo.

I beg you, don’t lie,
dear Corrioto: who was the man who stitched for you this bright red dildo?
She eventually discovers the maker to be a man called Kerdon, who hides his trade by the front of being a cobbler and leaves to seek him out. Metro as well as Kerdon are main characters in the next play in the sequence, Mime VII, once she visits his shop.

Page duBois, a classicist and feminist theorist, suggests that dildos were present in Greek art as the ancient Greek male imagination found it difficult to conceive of sex taking place without penetration. Therefore, female masturbation or sex between women required artificial phallus to be used.

History of dildos

In fact, Dildos in one form or another have been present in society throughout history. Artifacts from Upper Paleolithic of a type called bâton de commandement have been speculated to have been used for sexual purposes. Few archaeologists consider these items as sex toys, but archaeologist named Timothy Taylor put it, “Looking at the size, shape, and—some cases—explicit symbolism of the ice age batons, it seems disingenuous to avoid the most obvious and straightforward interpretation. But it has been avoided.”

The world’s oldest known dildo is a siltstone 20-centimeter phallus from Upper Palaeolithic period 30,000 years ago that was found in Hohle Fels Cave near Ulm, Germany.

The first dildos were made of stone, tar, wood as well as other materials that could be shaped as penises and that were firm enough to be used as penetrative sex toys. Dildo-like breadsticks are known as olisbokollikes (sing. olisbokollix). They were known in Ancient Greece prior to the 5th century BC. Chinese women in 15th century used dildos made of lacquered wood with textured surfaces. Nashe’s early-1590’s work The Choice of Valentines mentions a dildo made from glass.

There have been many references to dildos in historical as well as ethnographic literature. Haberlandt, for instance, illustrates single and double-ended wooden dildos from late 19th century Zanzibar. With invention of modern materials, there appeared the possibility of making dildos of different shapes, sizes, colors as well as textures.

Etymology of Dildo

Etymology of word dildo is unclear. The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) describes the word as being of “origin unknown”. One theory is that it originally referred to phallus-shaped peg used to lock an oar in position on a dory (small boat). It would be inserted into a hole on side of the boat and it is very similar in shape to the modern toy. It is possible that sex toy takes its name from this sailing tool, which also lends its name to the town of Dildo and the nearby Dildo Island in Newfoundland, Canada. Others suggest word is a corruption of Italian diletto “delight”. It has also been noted that the word dildo owns similarity to “dill”, a pickled cucumber, which is vegetable that has been used as a natural dildo.

According to OED, the word’s first appearance in English was in Thomas Nashe’s The Choice of Valentines or the Merie Ballad of Nash his Dildo (c. 1593). Besides, the word appears in Ben Jonson’s 1610 play, The Alchemist. William Shakespeare used the term once in The Winter’s Tale, believed to be from 1610 or 1611, but not printed until First Folio of 1623.

The phrase “Dil Doul”, referring to a man’s penis, appears in 17th century folk ballad “The Maids Complaint for want of a Dil Doul”. The song was among the many in library of Samuel Pepys.

Olisbos (pl. olisboi) is classical term for a dildo, from Greek ὄλισβος. i.e. a dildo which was usually made of leather. A godemiché is a dildo in the shape of a penis with scrotum.

In some modern languages, the names for dildo may be more descriptive, creative or subtle—note, for example, the Russian фаллоимитатор (literally “phallic imitator”), Hindi दर्शिल्दो darśildō, Spanish consolador “consoler” and Welsh cala goeg “fake penis”.

Uses of Dildos

Most dildos are intended for vaginal or anal penetration as well as stimulation, whether masturbation or with a sexual partner. Dildos own fetishistic value as well. It may be used in other ways, such as touching one’s own or another’s skin in various places, often during foreplay or as an act of dominance and submission. If of appropriate sizes, they may be used as gags, for oral penetration for a sort of artificial fellatio. Dildos, especially specially designed ones, can be used to stimulate the G-spot area.

A dildo designed to be inserted in anus and remain in place for a period of time is usually referred to as a butt plug. A dildo intended for repeated anal penetration is typically referred to as an anal dildo or simply “dildo”. Anal dildos and butt plugs generally own a large base to avoid becoming accidentally completely inserted into the rectum that may require medical attention to remove. It is also available double-ended dildos, with different-sized shafts pointing in the same direction, used by women to accomplish vaginal as well as anal penetration at once, or for two partners to share a single dildo. In this case, the dildo acts as a sort of “see-saw”; every partner takes an end and receives stimulation.

Some dildos are designed to be worn in a harness. It is sometimes called a strap-on harness or strap-on dildo, or to be worn inside, sometimes with vibrating devices attached externally. Strap-on dildos can be double-ended, in which case they are meant to be worn by users who want to experience vaginal or anal penetration when also penetrating a partner. They can also be used for anal penetration of men. If the penetration is done by female partner to male partner, the act is known as pegging.

Other types of dildos include those designed to be fitted to face of one party, inflatable dildos and dildos with suction cups attached to the base (sometimes referred to as a wall mount). Other types of harness mounts for dildos include thigh mount, face mount or furniture mounting straps.

Recent social acceptance as well as popularity has resulted in the emergence of highly adorned dildos. These are often made of expensive materials and it may also be jewelled.

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